Tuna being processed for export at Binh Dinh Seafood JSC. â VNA/VNS Photo Vu Sinh
Developing concentrated aquaculture areas, strengthening linkages among stakeholders, optimising costs, increasing the use of technology, and building brands are among the measures that would add value to the aquaculture sector, according to the Directorate of Fisheries.
Speaking at a roundtable in HCM City on Thursday, Tran Dinh Luan, deputy general director of the directorate, said aquaculture plays a very important role in the countryâs agricultural production and exports.
Productivity and output have increased significantly in recent years, with output exceeding catches from the sea, he said.
Vu Duyen Hai of the directorate said in the first 10 months of the year fisheries output reached six million tonnes, a year-on-year increase of 6 per cent, with aquaculture accounting for well over half.
âThe increase in the use of technology has obviously helped increase aquaculture productivity and output.â
Demand for aquaculture products is expected to continue increasing in the coming years, especially in developing countries, he said.
The free trade agreements the country has signed would throw up opportunities for Vietnamese firms to increase production and export, he said.
But the sector faces challenges, he and other speakers agreed.
Viet Nam is among the worldâs largest aquaculture producers and exporters, but its costs are high compared to other countries in the region, they said.
Other challenges included a lack of infrastructure, small scale of farming, intense competition in the global market, technical barriers put up by importing countries, and lack of brands, they added.
Truong Thi Le Khanh, chairwoman of Vinh Hoan Corporation, said tra fish exports had increased significantly in recent years, but there are challenges such as a lack of broodstock, labour shortage, rising costs and climate change.
To overcome challenges, she called on enterprises to adopt advanced hatching technologies, automate processing, diversify products and strengthen linkages among stakeholders to cut costs and improve quality.
She also said agencies should provide businesses with timely information about the sector and the market, and run campaigns in the international media to promote the image of Vietnamese tra fish.
Cuong said the aquaculture sector should set up farming clusters, restructure production to develop a closed production chain and apply modern technologies.
Truong Dinh Hoe, general secretary of the Viet Nam Association of Seafood Exporters and Producers (VASEP), said: âThe Government should zone areas for aquaculture and processing plants and identify what species to breed with a focus on encouraging closed production models, linkages in production chains and adoption of modern technologies to improve productivity and reduce costs.â
The sector should acquire aquaculture certificates demanded by large import markets, further clamp down on the use of chemicals and antibiotics, and develop brands, he said.
Le Van Quang, chairman and general director of Minh Phu Seafood Corp, the countryâs largest shrimp exporter, said: âLarge markets such as the US, Japan and the EU do not tolerate antibiotic residues in shrimp.â
The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development and the Directorate of Fisheries should intensify checks for antibiotics, he said.
Import markets have demand for various sizes of shrimps whereas Vietnamese farmers usually harvest their shrimp when they reach a size of 30-50 to a kilogramme, leading to a surfeit, while there is a shortage of other sizes, he said.
This should be addressed, he added.
The fisheries industry earned $7.4 billion from exports in the first 10 months of the year and would surely meet the full-year target of $9 billion, Hoe said.
Shrimp exports are expected to be worth $3.8 billion and tra fish, $2.2 billion, he said.
âThis year, we have made good use of free trade agreements to boost exports. In addition, we have better managed product traceability and the use of antibiotics in farming, meeting the requirements set by importing countries.â
Organised by the directorate, VASEP and GIZ, the event was held to discuss the current situation in the aquaculture sector and measures to improve its efficiency and increase investment in it. â VNS